[메디컬리포트=Oliver Smith 기자] Source: Pixabay / Anemone123
A person with antisocial behavior is characterized by having certain qualities which includes, among others, persistent intention to deceive, manipulative and aggressive behavior, having poor relationships, exhibiting sexual promiscuity, and committing reckless driving.This behavior is considered destructive and grave and is often linked to a criminal behavior.
The personality is basically structured by the person himself but there are factors that can alter that.Genes is a major factor and can contribute to a person to develop a destructive nature such as antisocial behavior.
A study by researchers from the University of Bath found that another one of these factors may be gender, as shown in the results of their study.It involved studying the brain of 200 teenagers with the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).They found that more than 90 teenagers exhibited anti-social behavior and that there was indication teenagers with severe antisocial behavior had the development of their brain disrupted.
"These findings suggest that the causes of severe antisocial behavior, and particularly the biological basis of these behaviors, may differ between boys and girls.This could lead to the development of sex-specific treatments or prevention programs for at-risk young people." Dr.Graeme Fairchild, a researcher at the University of Bath's department of psychology, said in a statement.
The researchers also found that boys have a higher tendency to be affected by conduct disorder with the study discovering that it is common in boys than in girls by three times.Conduct disorder is a mental disorder often associated with the violation of others’ basic rights.
This is not the first time that males were identified as more susceptible to developing antisocial behaviors.A 2011 study published in APA’s Journal of Abnormal Psychology analyzed data collected between 2001 and 2002 by the National Institutes of Health.The researchers found that women have a higher tendency to develop depression and anxiety disorder, whereas men are more prone to lean toward substance abuse and developing antisocial problems.
The lead author of the 2011 study, Nicholas R.Eaton, MA, from the University of Minnesota said, “In men, treatment for impulsive behaviors might focus on rewarding planned actions and shaping aggressive tendencies into nondestructive behavior."
How Anti-Social Behavior Can Impact One’s Health and Vice Versa
Signs that you may be affected by someone with antisocial behavior include experiencing verbal and physical aggression.These people would often be reported as offenders of the society and are acting against the law.They don’t hesitate on committing crimes, such as stealing and extorting and hitting people.These people need to seek help as soon as signs are observed.
The signs of developing antisocial behavior by children should not be ignored, as this behavior, when severe, can cause the development of oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder.Also, these children increase their risk of developing alcohol use disorders.
The risk factors for developing antisocial behavior include: an unstable, chaotic life at home; the absence of good parenting skills; a history of anti-social behaviors in the family; and alcohol and substance abuse observed in parents or relatives.Another alarming factor that can increase the risk of children to develop this behavior is mothers who smoke while pregnant.
A study conducted in July 2017 by a group of researchers from Brown University found a link between antisocial behaviors among young people and mothers who smoked despite being pregnant.There were studies in the past that had these findings, and the researchers wanted to look closely at them.Participants of the study were more than 3,400 individuals whose mothers took part in the Collaborative Perinatal Project (CPP) between 1959 and 1966.The CPP was aimed at looking closely at the factors during pregnancy that have an impact on the mental, physical, and neurological capabilities of a child.
The researchers found that mothers increase their children’s risk of developing antisocial behaviors later in their life by about 30% for each pack of cigarettes they smoked for a day.Children also had an increased risk of later on committing crimes at an early age or becoming violent in their adulthood.However, the researchers noted that they did not look at other factors, such as drug abuse and alcohol consumption.
"Many important risk factors for [antisocial behavior] are not modifiable (eg.sex, family history), but maternal smoking in pregnancy is potentially modifiable and remains prevalent among particular subgroups of women, including teenage mothers and mothers with less than a high school education," they said.
The life of the young is vulnerable and should be highly regarded by their parents.There are implications to an increase in the population of people who exhibit anti-social behaviors, or worse, conduct disorder.The Brown University researchers pointed out there are other factors that can contribute to the increase of a person’s likelihood to develop antisocial behaviors and smoking in pregnancy may actually have little impact on it.However, they believe mothers might help substantially decrease their child’s risk by not smoking at all during pregnancy.